Vessel imaging by interferometric phase-contrast x-ray technique

Tohoru Takeda, Atsushi Momose, Jin Wu, Quanwen Yu, Tsutomu Zeniya, Thet-Thet-Lwin, Akio Yoneyama, Yuji Itai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - Phase-contrast x-ray imaging using an x-ray interferometer has great potential to reveal the structures inside soft tissues, because the sensitivity of this method to hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen is ≈ 1000 times higher than that of the absorption-contrast x-ray method. Imaging of vessels is very important to understand the vascular distribution of organs and tumors, so the possibility of selective angiography based on phase contrast is examined with a physiological material composed of low-atomic-number elements. Methods and Results - Phase-contrast x-ray imaging was performed with a synchrotron x-ray source. Differences in refractive index, dδ, of physiological saline, lactated Ringer's solution, 5% glucose, artificial blood such as pyridoxylated hemoglobin-polyoxyethylene conjugate, and perfluorotributylamine were measured. Because the dδ of physiological saline has highest contrast, it was used for the phase-contrast x-ray imaging of vessel, and this was compared with absorption-contrast x-ray images. Vessels >0.03 mm in diameter of excised liver from rats and a rabbit were revealed clearly in phase-contrast x-ray imaging, whereas the vessel could not be revealed at all by the absorption-contrast x-ray image. Absorption-contrast x-ray images with iodine microspheres depicted only portal veins >0.1 mm in diameter with nearly the same x-ray dose as the present phase-contrast x-ray imaging. Conclusions - Phase-contrast x-ray imaging explored clear depiction of the vessels using physiological saline with small doses of x-rays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1708-1712
Number of pages5
JournalCirculation
Volume105
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 9

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Contrast media
  • Imaging
  • Liver
  • Vessels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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