Synaptotagmin (Syt) I, a ubiquitous synaptic vesicle protein, comprises a transmembrane region and two C2 domains. The C2 domains, which have been shown to be essential for both synaptic vesicle exocytosis and endocytosis, are also seen as the Ca2+ sensors in synaptic vesicular release. In a previous study, we reported that a polyclonal antibody raised against the squid (Loligo pealei) Syt I C2B domain, while inhibiting vesicular endocytosis, was synaptic release neutral at the squid giant synapse. Recent reports concerning the C2B requirements for synaptic release prompted us to readdress the role of C2B in squid giant synapse function. Presynaptic injection of another anti-Syt I-C2B antibody (using recombinant whole C2B domain expressed in mammalian cell culture as an antigen) into the presynaptic terminal reproduced our previous results, i.e., reduction of vesicular endocytosis without affecting synaptic release. This set of results addresses the issue of the geometrical arrangement of the Ca2+ sensor, allowing the C2B domain antibody to restrict Ca 2+-dependent C2B self-oligomerization without modifying the Ca 2+-dependent release process.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Dec 21|
- Synaptic transmission
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