Vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic device with a pnpn structure and vertical cavity

M. Sugimoto, T. Numai, I. Ogura, Hideo Kosaka, K. Kurihara, K. Kasahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface emitting laser operation and optical switching operation are demonstrated in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices using pnpn structures and vertical cavities. Threshold current density as low as 1.4 kA cm-2 for laser operation and optical switching energy as low as 2.2 pJ for optical switching operation are achieved. It is found that optical switching energy can be lowered by multireflections in the vertical cavity. Growth rate calibration and series resistance in the distributed Bragg reflector mirrors are examined for device fabrication.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOptical and Quantum Electronics
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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