Versatile role of Rab27 in membrane trafficking: Focus on the Rab27 effector families

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181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rab27A was the only Rab protein whose dysfunction was found to cause human immunodeficiency. Since Griscelli syndrome patients (i.e., Rab27A-deficient) exhibit silvery hair color (i.e., pigmentary dilution) in addition to loss of cytotoxic killing activity by cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and Rab27A protein is expressed in a wide variety of secretory cells, Rab27A (or its closely related isoform Rab27B) has been implicated in the regulation of different types of membrane trafficking, including melanosome transport and various regulated secretion events. How does Rab27 protein regulate these different types of membrane trafficking? Recent discoveries of three different families of Rab27-binding proteins (a total of eleven distinct proteins) have supplied an important clue to the answer of this question: different types of Rab27 effectors function in different cell types. In this review I describe the literature on the identification of Rab27-binding proteins (i.e., the synaptotagmin-like protein (Slp) family with tandem C2 Ca2+1-binding motifs, the Slac2 family without any C2 motifs, and Munc13-4, a putative priming factor for exocytosis) and the current state of our understanding of the molecular mechanism of the Rab27-dependent membrane trafficking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Griscelli syndrome
  • Munc13-4
  • Rab27 effector
  • Slac2
  • Synaptotagmin-like protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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