Verbal dominant memory impairment and low risk for post-operative memory worsening in both left and right temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis

Amr Farid Khalil, Masaki Iwasaki, Yoshiyuki Nishio, Kazutaka Jin, Nobukazu Nakasato, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Post-operative memory changes after temporal lobe surgery have been established mainly by group analysis of cognitive outcome. This study investigated individual patient-based memory outcome in surgicallytreated patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). This study included 84 consecutive patients with intractable TLE caused by unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) who underwent epilepsy surgery (47 females, 41 left [Lt] TLE). Memory functions were evaluated with the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised before and at 1 year after surgery. Pre-operative memory function was classified into three patterns: verbal dominant memory impairment (Verb-D), visual dominant impairment (Vis-D), and no material-specific impairment. Post-operative changes in verbal and visual memory indices were classified into meaningful improvement, worsening, or no significant changes. Pre-operative patterns and post-operative changes in verbal and visual memory function were compared between the Lt and right (Rt) TLE groups. Pre-operatively, Verb-D was the most common type of impairment in both the Lt and Rt TLE groups (65.9 and 48.8%), and verbal memory indices were lower than visual memory indices, especially in the Lt compared with Rt TLE group. Vis-D was observed only in 11.6% of Rt and 7.3% of Lt TLE patients. Post-operatively, meaningful improvement of memory indices was observed in 23.3–36.6% of the patients, and the memory improvement was equivalent between Lt and Rt TLE groups and between verbal and visual materials. In conclusion, Verb-D is most commonly observed in patients with both the Lt and Rt TLE associated with HS. Hippocampectomy can improve memory indices in such patients regardless of the side of surgery and the function impaired.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-723
Number of pages8
JournalNeurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume56
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Hippocampal sclerosis
  • Memory
  • Neuropsychological function
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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