Vasohibin-1 expression inhibits advancement of ovarian cancer producing various angiogenic factors

Yoshifumi Takahashi, Yasushi Saga, Takahiro Koyanagi, Yuji Takei, Shizuo Machida, Akiyo Taneichi, Hiroaki Mizukami, Yasufumi Sato, Shigeki Matsubara, Hiroyuki Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vasohibin-1 (VASH1) is a negative feedback regulator of angiogenesis, the first to be discovered, and was identified in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-stimulated vascular endothelial cells. Vasohibin-1 inhibits abnormal vascularization induced by various angiogenic factors including fibroblast growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), in addition to VEGF. By focusing on this characteristic of VASH1, we investigated the antitumor effects of VASH1 expression on ovarian cancer cells that produce different angiogenic factors. By using a high VEGF-producing ovarian cancer cell line, SHIN-3, and a high PDGF-producing ovarian cancer cell line, KOC-2S, the cells were transfected with either a VEGF antagonist, soluble VEGF receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1, or sFlt-1), or VASH1 genes to establish their respective cellular expression. The characteristics of these transfectants were compared with controls. We previously reported that the expression of sFlt-1 inhibited tumor vascularization and growth of high VEGF-producing ovarian cancer cells, reduced peritoneal dissemination and ascites development, and prolonged the survival time of the host. However, in the current study, the expression of sFlt-1 had no such effect on the high PDGF-producing ovarian cancer cells used here, whereas VASH1 expression inhibited tumor vascularization and growth, not only in high VEGF-producing cells, but also in high PDGF-producing cells, reduced their peritoneal dissemination and ascites, and prolonged the survival time of the host. These results suggest that VASH1 is an effective treatment for ovarian cancer cells that produce different angiogenic factors. In the current study, the expression of sFlt-1 had no such effect on the high PDGF-producing ovarian cancer cells (KOC-2S) used here, whereas VASH1 expression inhibited tumor vascularization and growth, not only in high VEGF-producing cells (SHIN-3), but also in high PDGF-producing cells (KOC-2S).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-637
Number of pages9
JournalCancer science
Volume107
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Ovarian cancer
  • PDGF
  • Vasohibin-1
  • sFlt-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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