Vasodilatory effect of nicorandil on coronary arterial microvessels: Its dependency on vessel size and the involvement of the ATP-sensitive potassium channels

Kenjiro Akai, Yan Wang, Kouichi Sato, Nobuyo Sekiguchi, Akihiko Sugimura, Toshinobu Kumagai, Tatsuya Komaru, Hiroshi Kanatsuka, Kunio Shirato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to clarify the size dependency of nicorandil-induced dilation in coronary microcirculation and the involvement of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channels. Coronary arterial microvessels were observed through a microscope equipped with a floating objective in anesthetized open-chest dogs (n = 29). Heart rate and mean aortic pressure were maintained at control level. In 16 dogs, nicorandil was infused into the coronary in a cumulative fashion (0.1, 1.0, 10, and 100 μg/kg/min, for 5 min for each dose). In 13 dogs, glibenclamide (10 μM) was topically applied onto the observed area, and nicorandil was similarly infused. Nicorandil dilated vessels < 100 μm indiameter at all applied doses in a dose-dependent manner. Glibenclamide abolished the dilation of these vessels at the lower two doses. Vessels >100 μm in diameter dilated only at the two higher doses and the dilation was not affected by glibenclamide. These data suggest that the vessels < 100 μm are more sensitive to this agent than other size vessels, and that ATP-sensitive potassium channels are involved in the nicorandil-induced dilation of vessels smaller than 100 μm, whereas the dilation of other size vessels occurs independently of this channel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-547
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Oct

Keywords

  • ATP-sensitive K channel
  • Coronary circulation
  • Glibenclamide
  • Microcirculation
  • Nitrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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