Vascular permeability responses and the role of prostaglandin E2 in an experimental allergic inflammation of air pouch type in rats

Noriyasu Hirasawa, Kazuo Ohuchi, Kazuo Sugio, Susumu Tsurufuji, Masako Watanabe, Shin Yoshino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rats were sensitized with azobenzene arsonate‐conjugated acetyl bovine serum albumin. An allergic inflammation was induced in the preformed air pouch in the dorsum of the sensitized rats by injecting the antigen dissolved in a 2% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution into the air pouch. Time course changes of vascular permeability, accumulated pouch fluid volume and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels in the pouch fluid were compared in sensitized and non‐sensitized rats to characterize the allergic inflammatory reaction. Effects of three cyclo‐oxygenase inhibitors (indomethacin, diclofenac sodium and tiaprofenic acid) on vascular permeability and accumulated pouch fluid volume 4 and 24 h after the immunological challenge injection were examined to elucidate a possible role of PGE2 in the inflammatory response. Four h after initiating the allergic reaction, although the level of PGE2 in the pouch fluid reached a high level, the vascular permeability response, measured over the period 3.5–4 h, was not suppressed by treatment with the three cyclo‐oxygenase inhibitors and neither was the pouch fluid volume measured over the period 0–4 h. However, vascular permeability and accumulated pouch fluid volume at 24 h were suppressed by the cyclo‐oxygenase inhibitors in a dose‐dependent manner. These observations suggest that in this model, endogenous PGE2 does not affect oedema formation measured at 4 h. However, oedema formation measured at 24 h may be dependent on PGE2 generation. 1986 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-756
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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