Vascular permeability and airway narrowing during late asthmatic response in dogs treated with metopirone

Takashi Ohrui, Kiyohisa Sekizawa, Takashi Aikawa, Kohei Yamauchi, Hidetada Sasaki, Tamotsu Takishima

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    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recently, we have developed an animal model of late asthmatic response (LAR) by treating naturally sensitized dogs to Ascaris suum antigen with the cortisol-synthesizing inhibitor, Metopirone. By using this animal model, we examined the contribution of edema in the airway wall to the development of LAR. To study whether airway microvascular leakage is increased in association with LAR, we performed antigen challenge in dogs treated with Metopirone. We measured the amount of extravasated Evans blue (EB) dye from the esophagus, trachea, and large and small bronchi 8 hours after the antigen challenge in dogs demonstrating immediate asthmatic response alone (IAR) and in dogs demonstrating both IAR and LAR. Airway responses to A. suum antigen were assessed by changes in respiratory resistance measured with the force oscillation technique at 3 Hz. EB dye extravasation did not increase significantly from that of control in any tissues in IAR (p > 0.10), but in LAR, it increased significantly from that of control (p < 0.01) and JAR (p < 0.05) in large and small bronchi. Histologic assessment of vascular permeability revealed that Monastral blue-labeled leaking vessels were only in sections from LAR, and leaking vessels were limited to small vessels (10 to 25 μm) in the trachea, large (diameter, >5 mm) and small bronchi (2 to 4 mm in diameter), and bronchiole. The permeability index defined as the ratio of area of small vessels labeled with Monastral blue to that of the total small vessels in the walls was highest in the small bronchi. LAR significantly increased submucosal thickness of the small bronchi (p < 0.05) compared with that in IAR. Both EB dye extravasation and permeability index in large and small bronchi also significantly increased during IAR within 3 minutes after the antigen challenge (p < 0.05), but IAR did not alter the submucosal thickness of the small bronchi. These results imply that the increase: in vascular permeability and submucosal thickness, especially in small bronchi, may be an important factor in the pathogenesis of LAR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)933-943
    Number of pages11
    JournalThe Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
    Volume89
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1992 May

    Keywords

    • Asthma
    • adrenalectomy
    • airway obstruction
    • bronchi
    • bronchial provocation tests
    • edema
    • steroid

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology and Allergy
    • Immunology

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