Variations of the carbon and oxygen isotopic ratios of atmospheric CO 2 at Syowa station, Antarctica

Shohei Murayama, Takakiyo Nakazawa, Shuhji Aoki, Shinji Morimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Measurements of stable isotopic ratios of atmospheric CO 2 have been made at Syowa Station, Antarctica since 1986. The average peak-to-peak amplitude of the seasonal cycle of δ 13C was about 0.04‰ with the maximum in autumn and the minimum in spring. From comparison with the seasonal cycle of the CO 2 concentration, it was speculated that air with high CO 2 concentration influenced by exchange between the atmosphere and the biosphere and/or combustion of fossil fuel arrives at the station from late fall to early spring, while oceanic origin air with low CO 2 is transported from late spring to summer. The average increase rate of δ 13C of atmospheric CO 2 between 1986 and 1990 was about -0.02‰/year. Interannual variations of δ 13C, superimposed on the long-term trend, were also seen. These were approximately opposite in phase to those of the CO 2 concentration. The comparison of both interannual variations suggests that the principal cause could be an imbalance in the CO 2 exchange between the atmosphere and the biosphere. On the other hand, δ 18O of atmospheric CO 2 showed a clear seasonal cycle with the maximum in summer and minimum in winter, which may also be related to the seasonally-dependent atmospheric transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-190
Number of pages14
JournalAntarctic Record
Volume41
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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