Band-gap engineering of β-CuGaO2 was demonstrated by the alloying of gallium with aluminum, that is, Cu(Ga1-xAlx)O2. The ternary wurtzite β-NaFeO2-type alloys were obtained in the range 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.7, and γ-LiAlO2-type phase appeared in the range 0.7 ≤ x ≤ 1. The energy band gap of wurtzite β-CuGaO2 was controlled in the range between 1.47 and 2.09 eV. A direct band gap for x < 0.6 and indirect band gap for x ≥ 0.6 were proposed based on the structural distortion in the β-NaFeO2-type phase and density functional theory (DFT) calculation of β-CuAlO2. The DFT calculation also indicated that the γ-LiAlO2-type phases appeared in 0.7 ≤ x ≤ 1 are also indirect-gap semiconductors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)