Vaporization behavior of zinc from the FeO-CaO-SiO2-Al 2O3 slag system

Yanling Zhang, Eiki Kasai, Takashi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Vaporization behavior (1 000-1 300°C) of zinc in the slag system FeO-CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 has been examined, including the formation ratio of vapor species and their partitioning, along with the effect of process factors such as temperature, duration time, slag composition, addition of reductive agents, and chlorine content. A thermodynamic estimation with the principle of Gibbs free energy minimization shows that the major vapor species from the sample of FeO-CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 system+ZnO+CaCl2 are metallic Zn, ZnCl2 and FeCl 2 at the experimental temperature range. The results suggest that the formation ratio of metallic Zn and FeCl2 increases, while that of ZnCl2 decreases, with an increase in temperature. The evaporation of sample is initially fast and becomes steady after holding for 10 min. Gaseous ZnCl2 is mainly formed during heating period, at the holding stage it reacts with FeO to produce gaseous FeCl2. With regard to slag compositions, Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio and basicity significantly affect the evaporation of zinc. The former governs the types of vapor species and the latter affects the total volatile ratio of zinc. The evaporation ratio of zinc can be enhanced by the addition of reductants such as carbon powder. It also increases with the increasing ratio of CaCl2/ZnO and levels off above 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1813-1819
Number of pages7
JournalIsij International
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • Heavy metals
  • Smelting process
  • Vaporization behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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