Boron-containing compounds have been listed as one of environmentally hazardous substances in Japan since 2001, and known to condense in coal fly ash particles during coal combustion and coal fly ash formation in coal-fired electric power stations. So far, the authors have revealed that the speciation of boron-containing compounds in coal fly ash particles is mostly a calcium orthoborate or pyroborate. In this research, the speciation of boron compounds in standard coals and their char generated by laboratory-scale combustion test has been investigated by using a microwave-assisted acid digestion method and a Magic-Angle-Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MAS-NMR) in order to reveal the vaporization behavior of boron in standard coals during combustion at relatively low temperature. Three isolated peaks are observed in 11B MAS-NMR spectra of standard coals, and all of them are attributed to four-oxygen-coordinated boron atom. Around 50% of boron vaporizes even though heating condition is 200 °C and O2 = 25%, and the percentage of vaporization reaches higher value than 80% at 400 °C and O2 = 25%. The remaining boron contents in ash components are relatively small, and it suggests that most of boron in standard coals exist with relatively volatile carbon contents, and they volatilize in the very early stage of coal combustion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Organic Chemistry