Validation of the Japanese version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Cancer Module

Naoko Tsuji, Naoko Kakee, Yasushi Ishida, Keiko Asami, Ken Tabuchi, Hisaya Nakadate, Tsuyako Iwai, Miho Maeda, Jun Okamura, Takuro Kazama, Yoko Terao, Wataru Ohyama, Yuki Yuza, Takashi Kaneko, Atsushi Manabe, Kyoko Kobayashi, Kiyoko Kamibeppu, Eisuke Matsushima

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31 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The PedsQL 3.0 Cancer Module is a widely used instrument to measure pediatric cancer specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for children aged 2 to 18 years. We developed the Japanese version of the PedsQL Cancer Module and investigated its reliability and validity among Japanese children and their parents.Methods: Participants were 212 children with cancer and 253 of their parents. Reliability was determined by internal consistency using Cronbach's coefficient alpha and test-retest reliability using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Validity was assessed through factor validity, convergent and discriminant validity, concurrent validity, and clinical validity. Factor validity was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Convergent and discriminant validity were examined by multitrait scaling analysis. Concurrent validity was assessed using Spearman's correlation coefficients between the Cancer Module and Generic Core Scales, and the comparison of the scores of child self-reports with those of other self-rating depression scales for children. Clinical validity was assessed by comparing the on- and off- treatment scores using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests.Results: Cronbach's coefficient alpha was over 0.70 for the total scale and over 0.60 for each subscale by age except for the 'pain and hurt' subscale for children aged 5 to 7 years. For test-retest reliability, the ICC exceeded 0.70 for the total scale for each age. Exploratory factor analysis demonstrated sufficient factorial validity. Multitrait scaling analysis showed high success rates. Strong correlations were found between the reports by children and their parents, and the scores of the Cancer Module and the Generic Core Scales except for 'treatment anxiety' subscales for child reports. The Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children (DSRS-C) scores were significantly correlated with emotional domains and the total score of the cancer module. Children who had been off treatment over 12 months demonstrated significantly higher scores than those on treatment.Conclusions: The results demonstrate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the PedsQL Cancer Module among Japanese children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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