Vacancy effects on one-dimensional migration of interstitial clusters in iron under electron irradiation at low temperatures

Y. Satoh, Y. Abe, H. Abe, Y. Matsukawa, S. Kano, S. Ohnuki, N. Hashimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: We performed in situ observation of one-dimensional (1D) migration of self-interstitial atom (SIA) clusters in iron under electron irradiation at 110–300 K using high-voltage electron microscopy. Most 1D migration was stepwise positional changes of SIA clusters at irregular time intervals at all temperatures. The frequency of 1D migration did not depend on the irradiation temperature. It was directly proportional to the damage rate, suggesting that 1D migration was induced by electron irradiation. In contrast, the 1D migration distance depended on the temperature: distribution of the distance ranged over 100 nm above 250 K, decreased steeply between 250 and 150 K and was less than 20 nm below 150 K. The distance was independent of the damage rate at all temperatures. Next, we examined fluctuation in the interaction energy between an SIA cluster and vacancies of random distribution at concentrations 10−4–10−2, using molecular statics simulations. The fluctuation was found to trap SIA clusters of 4 nm diameter at vacancy concentrations higher than 10−3. We proposed that 1D migration was interrupted by impurity atoms at temperatures higher than 250 K, and by vacancies accumulated at high concentration under electron irradiation at low temperatures where vacancies are not thermally mobile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2219-2242
Number of pages24
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Volume96
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 22

Keywords

  • Point defects
  • defect interaction
  • dislocation loops
  • high-voltage electron microscope
  • in situ observation
  • irradiation effects
  • molecular statics simulation
  • radiation-induced diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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