In this study, we investigated the relationships of pathological response after neoadjuvant chemo-endocrine therapy with alterations in the Ki67 labeling index (LI), expression of cyclin D1 (CCND1) and progesterone receptor (PgR), and estrogen receptor (ER) activity in breast cancer. A total of 43 Japanese post-menopausal ER-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative invasive breast cancer patients with tumors >2 cm or positive lymph nodes were enrolled. Exemestane alone was administered for 2 months. Neoadjuvant chemo-endocrine therapy included four cycles of doxorubicin plus paclitaxel followed by weekly paclitaxel. The immunohistochemical expression of Ki67 LI, CCND1, and PgR, and ER activity were evaluated using core needle biopsy samples at the pretreatment and post-exemestane alone stages. ER activity was evaluated through transfection of an adenovirus vector carrying an estrogen-response element-green fluorescent protein gene. In current study, marked pathological responses (including 4.7% with pathological complete response) were obtained in 34.9% of patients. Ki67 LI and PgR expression were significantly decreased after treatment. High Ki67 LI at pretreatment was a significant predictive factor of marked pathological response. At the stage of post-exemestane alone, Ki67 LI was not significantly associated with pathological response; however, high CCND1 expression was significantly correlated with high Ki67 LI. Moreover, low-level ER activity at the post-exemestane alone stage was significantly associated with marked pathological response. In conclusions, pretreatment Ki67 LI was a predictor of response to neoadjuvant chemo-endocrine therapy. CCND1 expression and ER activity at the post-endocrine therapy alone stage may be useful in determining further treatments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)