Use of Rab-GDP dissociation inhibitor for solubilization and delivery of Rab proteins to biological membranes in streptolysin O-permeabilized cells

Oliver Ullrich, Hisanori Horiuchi, Kirill Alexandrov, Marino Zerial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter describes the permeabilized cell system and the methods used to study the role of Rab-GDI in the reversible membrane association of Rab proteins. The advantage of using permeabilized cells is that, while the cellular organization is maintained, the intracellular membranes are accessible to biochemical manipulations. Thus, this in vitro system closely mimics the physiological conditions in intact cells. Rab proteins are associated with specific compartments along the exocytic and endocytic pathways. Membrane association requires posttranslational modification of the C-terminal cysteines by the addition of geranylgeranyl moieties. In addition, Rab proteins are also present in the cytosol. Cytosolic Rab proteins are complexed to Rab-GDI (GDP dissociation inhibitor), a factor that inhibits the dissociation of GDP and removes Rab proteins from the membrane. These biochemical properties have led to the suggestion that Rab-GDI allows Rab proteins to shuttle between the membrane and the cytosol to serve multiple rounds of vesicular traffic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-253
Number of pages11
JournalMethods in enzymology
Volume257
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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