Use of Mg-Al oxide for boron removal from an aqueous solution in rotation: Kinetics and equilibrium studies

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Abstract

Mg-Al oxide prepared through the thermal treatment of CO32- intercalated Mg-Al layered double hydroxides (CO3·Mg-Al LDH) was found to remove boron (B) from an aqueous solution. B was removed by the rehydration of Mg-Al oxide accompanied by combination with B(OH)4- When using twice the stoichiometric quantity of Mg-Al oxide for Mg/Al = 4, the residual concentration of B dropped from 100 to 2.8 mg/L in 480 min, and for Mg/Al = 2, it decreased from 100 to 2.5 mg/L in 240 min. In both cases, the residual concentration of B was highlighted to be lower than the current Japanese effluent standards (10 mg/L). The removal of B can be explained by way of pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics. The apparent activation energy of 63.5 kJ mol-1, calculated from the Arrhenius plot indicating that a chemical reaction dominates the removal of B by Mg-Al oxide (Mg/Al = 2). The adsorption of B acts upon a Langmuir-type phenomena. The maximum adsorption (qm) and equilibrium adsorption constants (KL) were 7.4 mmol g-1 and 1.9 × 103, respectively, for Mg-Al oxide (Mg/Al = 2). B(OH)4- in B(OH)4·Mg-Al LDH produced by the removal of B was observed to undergo anion exchange with CO32- in solution. Following regeneration, the Mg-Al oxide maintained the ability to remove B from an aqueous solution. This study has clarified the possibility of recycling Mg-Al oxide for B removal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-285
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Boron
  • Cyclic usage
  • Equilibrium
  • Kinetics
  • Mg-Al oxide
  • Removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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