Coherent diffraction imaging (CDI) is a method for reconstructing the complex-valued image of an object from diffraction intensities by using iterative phasing methods. X-ray ptychography is a scanning type of CDI using X-rays, allowing us to visualize the complex transmission function of an extended specimen. We here propose the use of the Kramers-Kronig relation (KKR) as an additional constraint in phase retrieval algorithms for multiple-energy X-ray ptychography using the absorption edge of a specific element. A numerical simulation showed that the speed of convergence was increased by using the improved algorithm with the KKR. We successfully demonstrated its usefulness in a proof-of-principle experiment at SPring-8. The present algorithm is particularly useful for imaging X-ray absorption fine structures of a specific element buried within thick samples by hard X-ray spectro-ptychography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics