Use of homeobox gene expression patterns to determine anatomical regions of origin for body surface tissues derived from adult mice

Toru Okubo, Ryuhei Hayashi, Shun Shibata, Yuji Kudo, Yoichi Honma, Kohji Nishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Anatomical regions of the skin have distinct functions and anatomical characteristics, including thicker or thinner epidermis, more or fewer hair follicles, and lighter or darker skin. For a better therapeutic outcome of skin transplantation, site-specific characteristics of grafted tissues need to be taken into account in terms of their functionality and beauty. However, there is no method for evaluating positional information of epidermal cells. Homeobox genes are expressed along the anterior–posterior axis and direct the body plan in the animal development process. Although the expression of several HOX genes is known to be retained as the positional information in adult tissue, their expression patterns in the body surface tissues in adult mammals are still incompletely understood. In this study, we investigated the expression patterns of 40 homeobox genes, including 39 Hox genes and the paired box 6 (Pax6) gene, in body surface tissues of adult mice. On the basis of the results obtained, we proposed, for the first time, a method for determining anatomical regions of origin for body surface tissues derived from adult mice using Hox genes and Pax6. Evaluation of expression levels of at least 7 Hox genes and Pax6 should be sufficient to distinguish 11 anatomical body surface tissues derived from the adult mouse body. The proposed method may be useful not only for determining the origin of surface tissues from specific anatomical regions of the mammalian body but also for predicting positional information of epithelial cells generated from pluripotent stem cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1412-1419
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • epidermal cells
  • epidermal regeneration
  • epidermis transplantation
  • homeobox
  • Hox
  • site-specific epidermis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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