Use of 2003 European Society of Hypertension-European Society of Cardiology guidelines for predicting stroke using self-measured blood pressure at home: The Ohasama study

Kei Asayama, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Masahiro Kikuya, Hirohito Metoki, Taku Obara, Haruhisa Hoshi, Junichiro Hashimoto, Kazuhito Totsune, Hiroshi Satoh, Yutaka Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the predictive power of the risk stratification system proposed in the 2003 European Society of Hypertension-European Society of Cardiology (2003 ESH-ESC) guidelines and to compare self-measured blood pressure at home (HBP) with casual-screening blood pressure (CBP) for prediction of first stroke among a general Japanese population. Methods and results: HBP and CBP were measured in 1702 subjects (≥40 years) who had no history of stroke and who were followed for an average of 11 years. The subjects were assigned to one of five groups with differential risk stratification according to the 2003 ESH-ESC criteria: average risk, low added risk, moderate added risk, high added risk, and very high added risk. Even in the low risk group a significantly high risk for stroke was observed, and there was a linear step up of stroke risk based on HBP, as well as on CBP. On the basis of HBP classification, a higher stroke incidence was observed in the high and very high groups compared with CBP classification. Conclusion: The risk stratification system proposed in the 2003 ESH-ESC guidelines is valid for the prediction of stroke in this Japanese study population, and has a stronger predictive power when based on HBP than on CBP. The results indicate the usefulness of HBP for the prediction of stroke risk in individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2026-2031
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume26
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • ESH-ESC guidelines
  • Home measurement
  • Risk stratification
  • Screening measurement
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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