Urinary Fetuin-A Is a Novel Marker for Diabetic Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Identified by Lectin Microarray

Kentaro Inoue, Jun Wada, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Daisuke Ogawa, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Atsuhito Tone, Izumi Iseda, Kazuyuki Hida, Masao Yamada, Tomohisa Ogawa, Hirofumi Makino

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyzed the urine samples of patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of diabetic nephropathy by lectin microarray to identify a biomarker to predict the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of nephropathy were enrolled and we performed lectin microarray analyses (n = 17) and measured urinary excretion of fetuin-A (n = 85). The increased signals of urine samples were observed in Siaα2-6Gal/GalNAc-binding lectins (SNA, SSA, TJA-I) during the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We next isolated sialylated glycoproteins by using SSA-lectin affinity chromatography and identified fetuin-A by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer. Urinary excretion of fetuin-A significantly increased during the progression of albuminuria (A1, 0.40±0.43; A2, 0.60±0.53; A3 1.57±1.13 ng/gCr; p = 7.29×10-8) and of GFR stages (G1, 0.39±0.39; G2, 0.49±0.45; G3, 1.25±1.18; G4, 1.34±0.80 ng/gCr; p = 3.89×10-4). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was employed to assess fetuin-A as a risk for diabetic nephropathy with microalbuminuria or GFR<60 mL/min. Fetuin-A is demonstrated as a risk factor for both microalbuminuria and reduction of GFR in diabetic nephropathy with the odds ratio of 4.721 (1.881-11.844) and 3.739 (1.785-7.841), respectively. Collectively, the glycan profiling analysis is useful method to identify the urine biomarkers and fetuin-A is a candidate to predict the progression of diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere77118
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 15
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Inoue, K., Wada, J., Eguchi, J., Nakatsuka, A., Teshigawara, S., Murakami, K., Ogawa, D., Terami, T., Katayama, A., Tone, A., Iseda, I., Hida, K., Yamada, M., Ogawa, T., & Makino, H. (2013). Urinary Fetuin-A Is a Novel Marker for Diabetic Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Identified by Lectin Microarray. PloS one, 8(10), [e77118]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077118