Urban Heat Island simulations in Guangzhou, China, using the coupled WRF/UCM model with a land use map extracted from remote sensing data

Guang Chen, Lihua Zhao, Akashi Mochida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model coupled with an Urban Canopy Model (UCM) was used for studying urban environmental issues. Because land use data employed in the WRF model do not agree with the current situation around Guangzhou, China, the performance of WRF/UCM with new land-use data extracted from Remote Sensing (RS) data was evaluated in early August 2012. Results from simulations reveal that experiments with the extracted data are capable of reasonable reproductions of the majority of the observed temporal characteristics of the 2-m temperature, and can capture the characteristics of Urban Heat Island (UHI). The "UCM_12" simulation, which employed the extracted land-use data with the WRF/UCM model, provided the best reproduction of the 2-m temperature data evolution and the smallest minimum absolute average error when compared with the other two experiments without coupled UCM. The contributions of various factors to the UHI effect were analyzed by comparing the energy equilibrium processes of "UCM_12" in urban and suburban areas. Analysis revealed that energy equilibrium processes with new land use data can explain the diurnal character of the UHI intensity variation. Furthermore, land use data extracted from RS can be used to simulate the UHI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number628
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 5

Keywords

  • Numerical simulation
  • Remote sensing
  • Urban Heat Island
  • WRF/UCM model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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