Uptake of Nd3+ and Sr2+ by Li-Al layered double hydroxide intercalated with triethylenetetramine-hexaacetic acid: Kinetic and equilibrium studies

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Abstract

A Li-Al layered double hydroxide intercalated with triethylenetetramine-hexaacetic acid (TTHA·Li-Al LDH) was prepared by the drop-wise addition of an Al solution to a Li-TTHA solution at a constant pH of 8.0. TTHA·Li-Al LDH was found to take up Nd3+ and Sr2+ ions from aqueous solutions. This can be attributed to the metal chelating functions of the TTHA species in the interlayer of TTHA·Li-Al LDH, i.e., Nd-TTHA and Sr-TTHA complexes were formed in the interlayers. TTHA·Li-Al LDH was found to take up Nd3+ ions preferentially over Sr2+ ions from aqueous solutions, which can be attributed to the higher stability of the Nd-TTHA complex than Sr-TTHA. The mass-transfer-controlled shrinking core model described the uptake behavior better than the surface reaction-controlled model. The TTHA ions in the TTHA·Li-Al LDH interlayer quickly formed chelate complexes with Nd3+ or Sr2+, as a result of which the transfer rate of Nd3+ or Sr2+ through the product layer was rate limiting. Furthermore, this reaction was suitably represented by the Langmuir-type adsorption mechanism, indicating that it involves chemical adsorption, which is consistent with the formation of chelate complexes between Nd3+ or Sr2+ and TTHA ions in the interlayers of TTHA·Li-Al LDH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79447-79455
Number of pages9
JournalRSC Advances
Volume5
Issue number97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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