Two weeks after the inoculation of 1.5 × 105 9L glioma cells into the rat brain, the uptake of radiolabelled drugs into the brain and the experimental 9L glioma during the first cerebral circulation was measured with a liquid scintillation counter and analyzed by the method of Oldendorf (1970). The expression of P-glycoprotein, which is known to be associated with the efflux of drugs, was also studied, using anti-P-glycoprotein monoclonal antibody, C-219. Furthermore, the ultrastructure of brain capillaries, tumor vessels, and glioma cells was studied by conventional and immunoelectron microscopy. Sucrose (control), the transport of which through the blood-brain barrier is known to be negligible, accumulated to fivefold higher levels in the tumor than in normal brain. Ranimustine (MCNU), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and doxorubicin showed little accumulation in the normal brain, whereas nimustine (ACNU) showed an increased accumulation. MCNU and doxorubicin showed negligible accumulation in the glioma cells despite diffusion into the tumor interstitial space. In contrast, ACNU and 5-FU showed an increased accumulation in tumor cells. The accumulation of 5-FU in the cultured 9L glioma cells was decreased by ATP inhibitors or by low temperature. Although both brain capillary endothelial cells and glioma cell membrane were immunohisto-chemically positive for P-glycoprotein, the tumor vasculature showed low expression of P-glycoprotein. The endothelial cells of tumor vessels ultrastructurally showed increased fenestrations, swelling, and disrupted junctions. Accordingly, it is suggested that hydrophobic drugs such as doxorubicin, being pumped out by P-glycoprotein, do not accumulate in 9L glioma cells as do other lipophilic drugs such as ACNU, or drugs such as 5-FU, which accumulate by a carrier-mediated mechanism.
- 9L glioma
- Brain capillary endothelial cells
- Drug uptake
- Tumor cell membrane
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