Upper limit for the simultaneous existence of high Bs and low Hc in nanocrystalline FeCoSiBPCu alloys

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Abstract

Recently, nanocrystalline Fe-Si-B-P-Cu soft magnetic alloys, NANOMET® with high Fe contents of above 83 at% have attracted much attention as a future core material for high performance magnetic applications because of their high magnetic flux density (Bs ∼ 1.80 T), low coercivity (Hc), significantly low core loss (W) and low materials cost [1]-[3]. Small addition of Co (∼ 4 to 5 at%) is shown to be effective in producing wide ribbons for commercial applications (such as transformers, motors etc.). High concentrations of Fe and Co (very close to the limit for the formation of amorphous state) in the alloys were used to obtain high Bs (∼ 1.84 T) [2]. Simultaneous existence of Bs similar to oriented steel and Hc lower than it are the driving factors to further increase in magnetic elements in the alloy. Generally it is believed that the amorphous structure (a broad halo in X-ray diffraction curve) of as quenched ribbons is very important for achieving a uniform nano-crystalline structure with low coercivity (Hc) after optimum heat treatment. We have noticed that the nanocrystalline Fe81.2Co4Si0.5B9.5P4Cu0.8 alloy shows low Hc < 10 A/m, but a minor increase in Co from 4 to 5 at.% (Fe81.3Co5Si0.5B9.5P4Cu0.7) results in a drastic increase in Hc to ∼ 60 A/m. In terms of structure both the alloys in as quenched state exhibit similar X-ray diffraction patterns (i.e. X-ray amorphous). The B of this alloy approaches to ∼ 1.9 T.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 IEEE International Magnetics Conference, INTERMAG 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781479973224
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 14
Event2015 IEEE International Magnetics Conference, INTERMAG 2015 - Beijing, China
Duration: 2015 May 112015 May 15

Publication series

Name2015 IEEE International Magnetics Conference, INTERMAG 2015

Other

Other2015 IEEE International Magnetics Conference, INTERMAG 2015
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period15/5/1115/5/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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    Zhang, Y., Sharma, P., & Makino, A. (2015). Upper limit for the simultaneous existence of high Bs and low Hc in nanocrystalline FeCoSiBPCu alloys. In 2015 IEEE International Magnetics Conference, INTERMAG 2015 [7157158] (2015 IEEE International Magnetics Conference, INTERMAG 2015). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/INTMAG.2015.7157158