Aberrant messenger RNAs containing a premature termination codon (PTC) are eliminated by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) pathway. Here, we show that a crucial NMD factor, up frameshift 1 protein (Upf1), is required for rapid proteasome-mediated degradation of an aberrant protein (PTC product) derived from a PTC-containing mRNA. Western blot and pulse-chase analyses revealed that Upf1 stimulates the degradation of specific PTC products by the proteasome. Moreover, the Upf1-dependent, proteasome-mediated degradation of the PTC product was also stimulated by mRNAs harbouring a faux 3′ untranslated region (3′-UTR). These results indicate that protein stability might be regulated by an aberrant mRNA 3′-UTR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology