Up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and membrane-type 1-matrix metalloproteinase were coupled with that of type I procollagen in granulation tissue response after the onset of aortic dissection

Masatoshi Akiyama, Haruo Ohtani, Eiichi Sato, Hiroshi Nagura, Koichi Tabayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pathophysiological significance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in aortic dissection remains poorly understood. The purpose of the present study is to clarify the significance of MMPs in aortic dissection. The activities and distributions of MMP-2, membrane-type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP), and MMP-9 were evaluated by gelatin zymography, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization in 29 patients and seven autopsy cases. To assess if these MMPs are related to a tissue remodeling process, we compared the expression of these MMPs with that of type I procollagen and platelet-derived growth factor receptor β chain (PDGF Rβ). Patients were divided into three groups based on histological findings: acute, intermediate, and healed groups. The most remarkable changes were observed in the intermediate group, in which MMP-2 activity peaked and tissue expression of mRNAs for MMP-2 and MT1-MMP were observed in spindle-shaped cells in the neointima, organizing thrombus, and the adventitia. These expression patterns were essentially coupled with those of type I procollagen mRNA and PDGF-Rβ protein. The association of MMP-2, MT1-MMP, type I procollagen, and PDGF-Rβ suggests that MMP-2 and MT1-MMP could be involved not only in the degradation of aortic tissue but also in tissue remodeling, which may be associated with the healing process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-821
Number of pages11
JournalVirchows Archiv
Volume448
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular
  • Clin pathol
  • Extracell matrix
  • Immunohistochem
  • In situ hybrid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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