Unveiling the piezoelectric nature of polar α-phase P(VDF-TrFE) at quasi-two-dimensional limit

Jun Qian, Sai Jiang, Qijing Wang, Shushu Zheng, Shuya Guo, Chang Yi, Jianpu Wang, Xinran Wang, Kazuhito Tsukagoshi, Yi Shi, Yun Li

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Piezoelectric response of P(VDF-TrFE), which is modulated by the dipole density due to the polarization switching on applying an electric field, allows it act as the fundamental components for electromechanical systems. As proposed since the 1970s, its polar α-phase is supposed to yield an enhanced piezoelectric activity. However, its experimental verification has never been reported, hampered by a substantial challenge for the achievement of a smooth, neat α-phase film. Here, we prepare ultrathin crystalline α-phase P(VDF-TrFE) films on the AlOx/Al-coated SiO2/Si substrates via a solution-based approach at room temperature. Thus, we unveil the piezoelectric nature of the polar α-phase P(VDF-TrFE) at a quasi-two-dimensional limit. The obtained values of the relative morphological deformation, the local effective piezoelectric coefficient, and the electric field-induced strain reach up to 37 pm, -46.4 pm V-1, and 4.1%, respectively. Such a robust piezoelectric response is even higher than that of the β-phase. Besides, the evolution of piezoelectricity, which is related to the piezoelectric properties of two polarization states, is also studied. Our work can enable the exploration of the prospective applications of polar α-phase P(VDF-TrFE) films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number532
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Qian, J., Jiang, S., Wang, Q., Zheng, S., Guo, S., Yi, C., Wang, J., Wang, X., Tsukagoshi, K., Shi, Y., & Li, Y. (2018). Unveiling the piezoelectric nature of polar α-phase P(VDF-TrFE) at quasi-two-dimensional limit. Scientific reports, 8(1), [532]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18845-2