Periventricular heterotopia (PH), clumps of neurons mislocated beside the ventricle, is caused by failure to initiate migration during embryogenesis. We report on a 32-month-old Japanese girl with a unique subtype of PH, namely ribbon-like PH. The patient presented with severe psychomotor developmental delay, intractable epilepsy, and congenital cataracts and developed West syndrome phenotype. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a unique undulating form of PH, categorized as ribbon-like PH, and other brain malformations including simplified gyri and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum. There was no evidence of prenatal TORCH infection or associated syndrome. Array-based comparative genomic hybridization revealed no chromosomal rearrangements. Genetic analyses of the FLNA, DCX, ARX, LIS1, and TUBA1A genes showed no mutations. Although little is known about ribbon-like PH, the clinical manifestations in our patient clearly differed from those in other reported patients.
- Congenital cataract
- Migration disorders
- Ribbon-like periventricular heterotopia
- West syndrome
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