Unravelling tumble and swirl in a unique water-analogue engine model

Athanasia Kalpakli Vester, Yu Nishio, P. Henrik Alfredsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Abstract: The in-cylinder flow prior to combustion is considered to be one of the most important aspects controlling the combustion process in an engine. More specifically, the large-scale structures present in the cylinder, so-called tumble and swirl, before compression are believed to play a major role into the mixing and combustion processes. Their development during the intake stroke and their final strength depend mainly (but not only) on the inlet port design. In the present study, the turbulent large-scale structures during the intake stroke are investigated in a unique water-analogue engine where inlet ports and valve timings can easily be configured and tested. The flow field in the cylinder volume is reconstructed through multi-planar stereoscopic particle image velocimetry measurements which reveal a wealth of vortical structures during the stroke’s various phases. The aim of the present paper is to present and show results from a unique setup which can serve as a test bench for optimisation of inlet port designs to obtain a desired vortical pattern in the cylinder after the intake stroke is finished. This setup can simulate the intake stroke in a much more realistic way as compared to a through-flow setup with a fixed valve lift. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-568
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Visualization
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 1


  • In-cylinder flow
  • Stereoscopic particle image velocimetry
  • Swirl
  • Tumble

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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