Unraveling local spin polarization of Zhang-Rice singlet in lightly hole-doped cuprates using high-energy optical conductivity

Iman Santoso, Wei Ku, Tomonori Shirakawa, Gerd Neuber, Xinmao Yin, M. Enoki, Masaki Fujita, Ruixing Liang, T. Venkatesan, George A. Sawatzky, Aleksei Kotlov, Seiji Yunoki, Michael Rübhausen, Andrivo Rusydi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unrevealing local magnetic and electronic correlations in the vicinity of charge carriers is crucial in order to understand rich physical properties in correlated electron systems. Here, using high-energy optical conductivity (up to 35 eV) as a function of temperature and polarization, we observe a surprisingly strong spin polarization of the local spin singlet with enhanced ferromagnetic correlations between Cu spins near the doped holes in lightly hole-doped La1.95Sr0.05Cu0.95Zn0.05O4. The changes of the local spin polarization manifest strongly in the temperature-dependent optical conductivity at ∼7.2eV, with an anomaly at the magnetic stripe phase (∼25K), accompanied by anomalous spectral-weight transfer in a broad energy range. Supported by theoretical calculations, we also assign high-energy optical transitions and their corresponding temperature dependence, particularly at ∼2.5,∼8.7,∼9.7,∼11.3, and ∼21.8eV. Our result shows the importance of a strong mixture of spin singlet and triplet states in hole-doped cuprates and demonstrates a new strategy to probe local magnetic correlations using high-energy optical conductivity in correlated electron systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165108
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume95
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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