Unparalleled lithium and sodium superionic conduction in solid electrolytes with large monovalent cage-like anions

Wan Si Tang, Atsushi Unemoto, Wei Zhou, Vitalie Stavila, Motoaki Matsuo, Hui Wu, Shin Ichi Orimo, Terrence J. Udovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solid electrolytes with sufficiently high conductivities and stabilities are the elusive answer to the inherent shortcomings of organic liquid electrolytes prevalent in today's rechargeable batteries. We recently revealed a novel fast-ion-conducting sodium salt, Na2B12H12, which contains large, icosahedral, divalent B12H122- anions that enable impressive superionic conductivity, albeit only above its 529 K phase transition. Its lithium congener, Li2B12H12, possesses an even more technologically prohibitive transition temperature above 600 K. Here we show that the chemically related LiCB11H12 and NaCB11H12 salts, which contain icosahedral, monovalent CB11H12- anions, both exhibit much lower transition temperatures near 400 K and 380 K, respectively, and truly stellar ionic conductivities (>0.1 S cm-1) unmatched by any other known polycrystalline materials at these temperatures. With proper modifications, we are confident that room-temperature-stabilized superionic salts incorporating such large polyhedral anion building blocks are attainable, thus enhancing their future prospects as practical electrolyte materials in next-generation, all-solid-state batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3637-3645
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution

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