University spillovers into small technology-based firms: Channel, mechanism, and geography

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34 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines how university knowledge spills over into small technology-based firms in Japan. Estimated Heckman selection models taking into account the timing of university-industry research collaboration and geographical proximity to spillover pools reveal that cooperative research with universities positively affects R&D productivity of small technology-based firms with a three-year lag. Among small technology-based firms that collaborate with universities in research, firms with local ties have a greater advantage in improving the quality of their R&D personnel through the acquisition of complementary knowledge. Theoretical and policy implications of empirical results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-431
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug


  • Cooperative research
  • Japan
  • Small firms
  • Spillover
  • University

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Accounting
  • Engineering(all)


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