Induction with basiliximab (BXM) has been confirmed as an effective treatment regimen for prophylaxis of acute cellular rejection (ACR). From 1991 to 2008, 116 living donor liver transplantations (LDLTs) were performed. Among these, 50 were included in this study. We compared calcineurin inhibitor plus steroid treatment without BXM (n=14, control group) and with BXM (n=36, BXM group). Although the rates of biopsied patients with abnormal serum biochemical tests (SBTs) were similar in the control (10/14, 71.4%) and BXM (21/36, 58.3%) groups, ACR was diagnosed in 9/10 (90.0%) patients in the control group compared with 4/21 (19.0%) patients in the BXM group. In accordance with the histopathological diagnosis, there was a significant difference in the ratios of peripheral CD4+CD25+ T cells at fivewk after LDLT between patients with and without ACR in the BXM group. Next, we divided the 32 patients without ACR in the BXM group into two groups: biopsied patients with abnormal SBTs and non-biopsied patients. The donor age of the biopsied patients was significantly higher than that of the non-biopsied patients. Induction with BXM reduced the incidence of ACR, and unique pathological phenomena responsible for graft dysfunction after LDLT with an increased incidence of abnormal SBTs were observed.
- Abnormal serum biochemical tests
- Acute cellular rejection
- Donor age
- Living donor liver transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas