Unique CRF01_AE Gag CTL epitopes associated with lower HIV-viral load and delayed disease progression in a Cohort of HIV-infected Thais

Masahiko Mori, Busarawan Sriwanthana, Nuanjun Wichukchinda, Chetsada Boonthimat, Naho Tsuchiya, Toshiyuki Miura, Panita Pathipvanich, Koya Ariyoshi, Pathom Sawanpanyalert

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes (CTLs) play a central role in controlling HIV-replication. Although numerous CTL epitopes have been described, most are in subtype B or C infection. Little is known about CTL responses in CRF01_AE infection. Gag CTL responses were investigated in a cohort of 137 treatment-naïve HIV-1 infected Thai patients with high CD4+ T cell counts, using gIFN Enzyme-Linked Immunospot (ELISpot) assays with 15-mer overlapping peptides (OLPs) derived from locally dominant CRF01_AE Gag sequences. 44 OLPs were recognized in 112 (81.8%) individuals. Both the breadth and magnitude of the CTL response, particularly against the p24 region, positively correlated with CD4+ T cell count and inversely correlated with HIV viral load. The breadth of OLP response was also associated with slower progression to antiretroviral therapy initiation. Statistical analysis and single peptide ELISpot assay identified at least 17 significant associations between reactive OLP and HLA in 12 OLP regions; 6 OLP-HLA associations (35.3%) were not compatible with previously reported CTL epitopes, suggesting that these contained new CTL Gag epitopes. A substantial proportion of CTL epitopes in CRF01_AE infection differ from subtype B or C. However, the pattern of protective CTL responses is similar; Gag CTL responses, particularly against p24, control viral replication and slow clinical progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere22680
JournalPloS one
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 8
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Mori, M., Sriwanthana, B., Wichukchinda, N., Boonthimat, C., Tsuchiya, N., Miura, T., Pathipvanich, P., Ariyoshi, K., & Sawanpanyalert, P. (2011). Unique CRF01_AE Gag CTL epitopes associated with lower HIV-viral load and delayed disease progression in a Cohort of HIV-infected Thais. PloS one, 6(8), [e22680]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022680