Unfolded protein response is required for Aspergillus oryzae growth under conditions inducing secretory hydrolytic enzyme production

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    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Unfolded protein response (UPR) is an intracellular signaling pathway for adaptation to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. In yeast UPR, Ire1 cleaves the unconventional intron of HAC1 mRNA, and the functional Hac1 protein translated from the spliced HAC1 mRNA induces the expression of ER chaperone genes and ER-associated degradation genes for the refolding or degradation of unfolded proteins. In this study, we constructed an ireA (IRE1 ortholog) conditionally expressing strain of Aspergillus oryzae, a filamentous fungus producing a large amount of amylolytic enzymes, and examined the contribution of UPR to ER stress adaptation under physiological conditions. Repression of ireA completely blocked A. oryzae growth under conditions inducing the production of hydrolytic enzymes, such as amylases and proteases. This growth defect was restored by the introduction of unconventional intronless hacA (hacA-i). Furthermore, UPR was observed to be induced by amylolytic gene expression, and the disruption of the transcriptional activator for amylolytic genes resulted in partial growth restoration of the ireA-repressing strain. In addition, a homokaryotic ireA disruption mutant was successfully generated using the strain harboring hacA-i as a parental host. These results indicated that UPR is required for A. oryzae growth to alleviate ER stress induced by excessive production of hydrolytic enzymes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
    Volume85
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1

    Keywords

    • Aspergillus oryzae
    • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
    • HacA
    • Hydrolytic enzyme production
    • IreA
    • Unfolded protein response

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Microbiology
    • Genetics

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