Unexpected Trend Deviation in Isoelectronic Transition Metal Borides A3T5B2 (A = group 4, T = group 9): Ti3Co5B2- vs. Perovskite-Type Studied by Experiments and DFT Calculations

Pritam Shankhari, Jan P. Scheifers, Martin Hermus, Kunio Yubuta, Boniface P.T. Fokwa

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We present the first bulk synthesis of Ti3Co5B2, which was realized by arc-melting a Co-rich elemental mixture. Our X-ray diffraction studies revealed a Ti/Co mixed occupancy on one of two possible Ti sites suggesting a phase width with x = 0–0.52 in Ti3–xCo5+xB2. Moreover, we studied experimentally and theoretically the isoelectronic substitution of Ti and Co by their respective higher homologues (Zr/Rh and Hf/Ir). Surprisingly, Ti3Co5B2-type phase was obtained only for the Hf/Ir combination (single crystal analysis of Hf3Ir5B2), whereas for Zr/Rh a perovskite-like phase (ZrRh3Bx) was discovered instead. We found that small but crucial differences (atomic radius ratio and electronegativity difference) between elements of the same group in the periodic Table are responsible for the unexpected trend deviation. This finding is supported by DFT calculations of the free energy of formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1551-1556
Number of pages6
JournalZeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 17


  • Borides
  • Density functional calculations
  • Perovskite
  • TiCoB
  • Transition metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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