Undoped and Eu, Na co-doped LiCaAlF6 scintillation crystals: Paramagnetic centers, charge trapping and energy transfer properties

M. Buryi, V. Babin, V. Laguta, Y. Yokota, H. Sato, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Single crystals of LiCaAlF6, undoped, Eu-doped and Na co-doped, were studied by electron paramagnetic resonance, radioluminescence and thermally stimulated luminescence techniques applied in a correlated manner. The undoped samples exposed to X-ray irradiation featured two hole-like charge trapping centers which were attributed to the perturbed F2 pseudomolecular ion and O (as a result of the contact with air). Their trap depths (Et) and frequency factors (f0) were determined as follows: EtPerturbedF2=1.1±0.1eV, Et(O)=1.7±0.1eV, f0PerturbedF2=f0O~1013s−1, respectively. Annealing in air caused the appearance of another defect, a new electron-like center as well. It was found that the europium dominating charge state is 2 + in the LiCaAlF6:Eu,Na samples, however, some amount of the Eu3+ is also present. Moreover, there were two Eu2+ centers: the dominating Eu12+=EuCa2+ and the low-content Eu22+=EuLi2+. The amount of the latter is easily governed by the sodium admixture while the former is insensitive to the Na co-doping. The Eu and Na co-doping affected the defects distribution and incorporation in the LiCaAlF6 host. Thermally stimulated luminescence yielded up to 8 peaks within the 100–600 K temperature range in glow curves of the undoped and doped crystals signalizing the presence of deep trapping states in the bandgaps. Along with the obvious degradation of the crystal surface in air by creation of new trapping centers this can contribute to the decreased light yield and downgrade of timing characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number158297
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 25


  • Charge Trapping
  • EPR
  • Neutron scintillator
  • Paramagnetic center
  • TSL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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