Underwater Endoscopic Ear Surgery for Closure of Cholesteatomatous Labyrinthine Fistula with Preservation of Auditory Function

Daisuke Yamauchi, Yohei Honkura, Yoshinobu Kawamura, Yuichi Shimizu, Tomoki Sunose, Yosuke Hara, Jun Ohta, Jun Suzuki, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yukio Katori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective:To analyze the outcomes of the underwater endoscopic ear surgery (UWEES) technique for closure of cholesteatomatous labyrinthine fistula (LF) with preservation of auditory function.Study Design:Retrospective case review study.Setting:Tertiary referral center.Patients:A total of 12 patients with cholesteatomatous LF.Intervention:Surgical method of closure using UWEES for cholesteatomatous LF to minimize inner ear damage. Artificial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was used as the perfusate, except for earlier cases when saline was employed.Main Outcome Measures:Comparison of bone conductance hearing level (BCHL) before and after surgery. A change of BCHL less than 10dB was defined as successful preservation of bone conductance hearing.Results:All cases of LF were treated successfully by closure using the UWEES technique. Seven cases were type I, one was type IIa, and four were type III according to the Milewski and Dornhoffer classification of LF. The average LF size was 3.1mm (1-7mm). Eleven patients were evaluated and their bone conductance hearing was well preserved in all of them (11/11). One patient was too young for preoperative evaluation of BCHL, but hearing preservation was verified 2 years later at the age of 6years. Remarkably, none of the patients complained of vertigo, except for only a slight manifestation on postoperative day 1.Conclusion:The UWEES technique was effective for closure of cholesteatomatous LF with preservation of auditory function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1669-E1676
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1


  • Cholesteatoma
  • Endoscopic ear surgery
  • Hearing preservation
  • Labyrinthine fistula
  • Underwater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology


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