Unconjugated bile acids in rat brain: Analytical method based on LC/ESI-MS/MS with chemical derivatization and estimation of their origin by comparison to serum levels

Tatsuya Higashi, Shui Watanabe, Koki Tomaru, Wataru Yamazaki, Kazumi Yoshizawa, Shoujiro Ogawa, Hidenori Nagao, Kouichi Minato, Masamitsu Maekawa, Nariyasu Mano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although some studies have revealed the implication of bile acids (BAs) and neurological diseases, the levels and origin of the BAs in the brain are not fully understood. In this study, we first developed and validated a sensitive and specific method for the determination of three unconjugated BAs [cholic acid (CA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and deoxycholic acid (DCA)] in the rat brain by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry combined with chemical derivatization. The measured brain concentrations (mean ± standard deviation, n = 10) of normal rats were 58.7 ± 48.8, 14.2 ± 11.7 and 13.2 ± 8.7 ng/g tissue for CA, CDCA and DCA, respectively. For their origin, we developed the hypothesis that they might be mostly derived from the periphery. To test this hypothesis, the brain BA levels were compared with the serum levels. The brain levels had high correlations with the serum levels, and were always lower than the serum levels for the three unconjugated BAs. Furthermore, the higher brain-to-serum concentration ratios were found for the BAs with higher logD values (higher lipophilicity). Moreover, the brains of the rats intraperitoneally administered with deuterium-labeled CA and CDCA were also analyzed; the deuterium-labeled BAs were detected in the brain of the rats administered with these compounds. Based on all the results, we concluded that the BAs found in the brain are mostly derived from the periphery and the major mechanism for the transportation of the unconjugated BAs to the brain is by passive diffusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalSteroids
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Bile acid
  • Brain
  • Derivatization
  • LC/ESI-MS/MS
  • Passive diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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