Ultraviolet-B-induced DNA damage and ultraviolet-B tolerance mechanisms in species with different functional groups coexisting in subalpine moorlands

Qing Wei Wang, Chiho Kamiyama, Jun Hidema, Kouki Hikosaka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    High doses of ultraviolet-B (UV-B; 280–315 nm) radiation can have detrimental effects on plants, and especially damage their DNA. Plants have DNA repair and protection mechanisms to prevent UV-B damage. However, it remains unclear how DNA damage and tolerance mechanisms vary among field species. We studied DNA damage and tolerance mechanisms in 26 species with different functional groups coexisting in two moorlands at two elevations. We collected current-year leaves in July and August, and determined accumulation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) as UV-B damage and photorepair activity (PRA) and concentrations of UV-absorbing compounds (UACs) and carotenoids (CARs) as UV-B tolerance mechanisms. DNA damage was greater in dicot than in monocot species, and higher in herbaceous than in woody species. Evergreen species accumulated more CPDs than deciduous species. PRA was higher in Poaceae than in species of other families. UACs were significantly higher in woody than in herbaceous species. The CPD level was not explained by the mechanisms across species, but was significantly related to PRA and UACs when we ignored species with low CPD, PRA and UACs, implying the presence of another effective tolerance mechanism. UACs were correlated negatively with PRA and positively with CARs. Our results revealed that UV-induced DNA damage significantly varies among native species, and this variation is related to functional groups. DNA repair, rather than UV-B protection, dominates in UV-B tolerance in the field. Our findings also suggest that UV-B tolerance mechanisms vary among species under evolutionary trade-off and synergism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1069-1082
    Number of pages14
    JournalOecologia
    Volume181
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

    Keywords

    • Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer
    • Interspecific variation
    • Photorepair
    • Trade-off
    • Ultraviolet-B protection

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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