Ultrastructural characterization of exine development of the transient defective exine 1 mutant suggests the existence of a factor involved in constructing reticulate exine architecture from sporopollenin aggregates

Tohru Ariizumi, Takahiro Kawanabe, Katsunori Hatakeyama, Shusei Sato, Tomohiko Kato, Satoshi Tabata, Kinya Toriyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A male-sterile mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, in which filament elongation was defective although pollen fertility was normal, was isolated by means of T-DNA tagging. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis revealed that primexine synthesis and probacula formation, which are thought to be the initial steps of exine formation, were defective, and that globular sporopollenin aggregation was randomly deposited onto the microspore at the early uninucleate microspore stage. Sporopollenin aggregation, which failed to anchor to the microspore plasma membrane, was deposited on the locule wall and in the locule at the uninucleate microspore stage. However, visually normal exine with a basic reticulate structure was observed at the middle uninucleate microspore stage, indicating that the exine formation was restored in the mutant. Thus, the mutant was designated transient defective exine 1 (tde1). These results indicated that tde1 mutation affects the initial process of the exine formation, but does not impair any critical processes. Our results also suggest the existence of a certain factor responsible for exine patterning in A. thaliana. The TDE1 gene was found to be identical to the DE-ETIOLATED 2 gene known to be involved in brassinosteroid (BR) biosynthesis, and the tde1 probacula-defective phenotypes were recovered in the presence of BR application. These results suggest that BRs control the rate or efficiency of initial process of exine pattern formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Exine formation
  • Male sterility
  • Probacula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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