TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labelling (TUNEL) has been widely used for detecting cells with DNA fragmentation or apoptotic cells. However, since the concept of apoptosis is based on cellular ultrastructure, it is important to identify the morphological features of TUNEL-positive cells. In this study, we performed TUNEL and electron microscopic observation on serial semithin and ultrathin sections of pancreas from bilaterally adrenalectomized rats with caerulein-induced pancreatitis. TUNEL-positive cells were identified with two different ultrastructural patterns. One was characteristic of apoptosis, with condensed nuclei, intact mitochondria, and zymogen granules. The other pattern was one of marked cellular degeneration, possibly representing the end stage of cell death. Cells which did not demonstrate these ultrastructuraI patterns were not labelled by the TUNEL method. The three-dimensional structure of TUNEL-positive cells was also investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), which showed the apoptotic nuclei exhibited various three-dimensional structures. These results confirm the utility of the TUNEL method in detecting apoptosis; application of the technique reported in this study will contribute to the further characterization of individual TUNEL-positive cells.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pathology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Electron microscopy
- Serial sections
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine