Ultrasound measurement of fetal arterial pulse pressure using phased-tracking methods: A phantom study and clinical experience with antenatal corticosteroid therapy

Jin Muromoto, Jun Murotsuki, Susumu Miyashita, Hideyuki Hasegawa, Hirofumi Taki, Hiroshi Kanai, Nobuo Yaegashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to compare the accuracy of fetal pulse pressure estimated with a vascular simulator with that obtained by a manometer (reference) and evaluate the pulse pressure in normal human fetuses and fetuses whose mothers received corticosteroids. Methods: Fetal pulse pressure was estimated as the product of blood flow velocity and pulse wave velocity, based on the water hammer equation. Ultrasonic raw radiofrequency signals for blood flow velocity were captured from the fetal descending aortas at the diaphragm level, and pulse wave velocity was simultaneously measured from different directions using the phased-tracking method. First, the precision and accuracy of pulse pressure in the estimated method were verified by a circulatory phantom simulator, which reproduced fetal blood flow using a pulsating pump. Then, the pulse pressure of 98 normal human fetuses after 17 weeks of gestation and the fetal pulse pressure in 21 mothers who received antenatal corticosteroids for fetal maturation were measured. Results: A significant correlation between the estimated pulse pressure values and the actual values was found in the phantom simulation (r = 0.99, P < 0.01). The estimated pulse pressure was significantly correlated with gestational age in normal fetuses (r = 0.74, P < 0.01). In steroid-treated pregnant women, fetal pulse pressure was observed to increase significantly on the second day of administration (P < 0.01). Conclusion: A noninvasive and accurate estimation model of fetal pulse pressure could be established using phased-tracking method, and this method has the potential to improve the assessment of human fetal hemodynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1994-2001
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1

Keywords

  • fetal pulse pressure
  • phased-tracking method
  • pulse wave velocity
  • vascular simulation model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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