Ultrasound-aided ipsilateral-dominant epidural block for total hip arthroplasty: A randomised controlled single-blind study

Ryo Ichi Kawaguchi, Masanori Yamauchi, Shigekazu Sugino, Michiaki Yamakage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

abs Background and objective Lumbar epidural anaesthesia usually affects both legs. The aim was to compare the success rates of ultrasound-aided vs. classical midline epidural catheter insertion for ipsilateral-dominant blocks and analgesia in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. Methods The protocol was designed as a prospective randomised single-blind study. In the ultrasound group (n=12), ultrasound examination was performed to determine the puncture point and direction for ipsilateral-dominant block. In the midline group (n=12), epidural puncture was performed by the usual midline approach. Rates of successful ipsilateral-dominant block using 6 ml of lidocaine 1.5% wt vol -1 (primary outcome) and effects of patient-controlled epidural analgesia using ropivacaine 0.2% wt vol -1 (secondary outcomes) were evaluated. Results The rates of successful ipsilateral-dominant block were 83% in the ultrasound group and 17% in the midline group (P=0.004). Sensory and motor functions on the non-operated side in the ultrasound group were significantly better maintained than those on the operated side and compared with those on the non-operated side in the midline group (P<0.05). Pain scores at mobilisation, incidence of post-operative nausea andvomiting and frequency of use of supplemental analgesics were significantly lower in the ultrasound group than in the midline group (P<0.05). Conclusion The use of ultrasound significantly improves the success rate of ipsilateral epidural block compared with the standard midline approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-140
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Anaesthesiology
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epidural block
  • Motor function
  • Orthopaedic surgery
  • Post-operative analgesia
  • Ultrasound imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ultrasound-aided ipsilateral-dominant epidural block for total hip arthroplasty: A randomised controlled single-blind study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this