Ultrasonography of pediatric urogenital emergencies: Review of classic and new techniques

Masahiro Kitami

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Urogenital emergencies are fairly common in the pediatric population, and a timely and correct diagnosis is necessary to avoid possible future infertility. In this field, ultrasonography is essential, as it has the advantages of being radiation-free and readily accessible. In particular, a high-frequency transducer allows precise evaluation of the morphology and vascularity of the scrotum, which is on the surface of the body. Beyond conventional techniques, new advanced imaging techniques have been developed, including elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. However, several pitfalls remain in the diagnosis of urogenital diseases using ultrasonography. Thus, accurate knowledge and sufficient experience with the technique are essential for making a correct diagnosis. This review provides an overview of pediatric urogenital emergency pathologies and recent ultrasonography techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-238
Number of pages17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul


  • Contrast media
  • Elasticity imaging techniques
  • Emergencies
  • Pediatrics
  • Testis
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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