Current contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and non-contrast-enhanced balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) MRA cause susceptibility artifacts from metallic devices in assessing endovascular visceral-artery interventions. The aims of this study are to investigate and compare image quality (IQ) and susceptibility artifacts of three-dimensional (3D) ultrashort echo time (UTE) time-spatial labeling inversion pulse (Time-SLIP) with those of 3D bSSFP Time-SLIP and to assess denoising deep learning reconstruction (dDLR) for the improvement of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in 3D UTE with sparse sampling in phantoms and human subjects. This is a prospective type of study. Pulsatile glycerin-water flow phantom with platinum-tungsten-alloy coil, stainless-steel, nitinol, and cobalt-alloy stents were used. Ten healthy volunteers (seven males) and three patients (two males) were included in this study. 3D UTE Time-SLIP and 3D bSSFP Time-SLIP at 3T were used. The phantom-based study compared the signal-intensity ratio of the device levels (SRdevice) and distal segments (SRdistal) to the proximal segments. The volunteer-based study measured SNR, contrast ratio (CR), and IQ. The patient study evaluated local artifacts from metallic devices. Statistical tests included paired t-tests, Wilcoxon-signed rank tests, and Kruskal–Wallis tests. In the phantom-based study, SRdevice was small with UTE Time-SLIP, except the stainless-steel stent. SRdistal was greater (49.1%–90.4%) on bSSFP images than UTE images (−11.1% to 9.6%). Among volunteers, dDLR in UTE images improved SNR (p < 0.05) and IQ (p < 0.05), but CR was unaffected. UTE Time-SLIP showed inferior SNR and IQ than bSSFP Time-SLIP in images with and without dDLR (p < 0.05 for each). However, among patients, UTE Time-SLIP showed reduced metal artifacts compared to bSSFP Time-SLIP. Irrespective of the lower SNR and IQ of 3D UTE Time-SLIP than those of 3D bSSFP Time-SLIP, the former appeared to better depict flow after stenting or coiling. This indicates the potential of 3D UTE Time-SLIP to provide suitable diagnostic images of target vessels. dDLR improved SNR with reducing artifacts related to radial sampling, while maintaining the contrast. Level of Evidence: 2. Technical Efficacy Stage: 2.
- deep learning
- metallic devices
- ultrashort echo time magnetic resonance angiography
- visceral arterial disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging