Ultralightweight x-ray telescope missions: ORBIS and GEO-X

Yuichiro Ezoe, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Satoshi Kasahara, Tomoki Kimura, Kumi Ishikawa, Masaki Fujimoto, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Hironori Sahara, Naoki Isobe, Hiroshi Nakajima, Takaya Ohashi, Harunori Nagata, Ryu Funase, Munetaka Ueno, Graziella Branduardi-Raymont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Toward an era of x-ray astronomy, next-generation x-ray optics are indispensable. To meet a demand for telescopes lighter than the foil optics but with a better angular resolution <1 arcmin, we are developing micropore x-ray optics based on micromaching technologies. Using sidewalls of micropores through a thin silicon wafer, this type can be the lightest x-ray telescope ever achieved. Two Japanese missions, ORBIS and GEO-X, will carry this telescope. ORBIS is a small x-ray astronomy mission to monitor supermassive blackholes, while GEO-X is a small exploration mission of the Earth's magnetosphere. Both missions need an ultralightweight (<1 kg) telescope with moderately good angular resolution (<10 arcmin) at an extremely short focal length (<30 cm). We plan to demonstrate this type of telescope in these two missions around 2020.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046001
JournalJournal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1


  • GEO-X
  • small satellite
  • x-ray telescope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science


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