Repair of damaged DNA is critical for maintenance of genetic information. In eukaryotes, DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are recognized by the Ku70-Ku80 heterodimer, which then recruits proteins that mediate repair by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). Prolonged retention of Ku70/80 at DSBs prevents completion of repair, however, with ubiquitylation of Ku80 having been implicated in Ku70/80 dissociation from DNA. Here, we identify RNF126 as a ubiquitin ligase that is recruited to DSBs and ubiquitylates Ku80, with UBE2D3 serving as an E2 enzyme. Knockdown of RNF126 prevented Ku70/80 dissociation from DSBs and inhibited break repair. Attenuation of Ku80 ubiquitylation by replacement of ubiquitylation site lysines with arginine residues delayed Ku70/80 release from chromatin after DSB induction by genotoxic insults. Together, our data indicate that RNF126 is a novel regulator of NHEJ that promotes completion of DNA repair by ubiquitylating Ku80 and releasing Ku70/80 from damaged DNA.
- DNA repair
- Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology